1816: A painting, “Lower Bridge on Schuylkill at Gray’s Ferry” (Joshua Rowley Watson), looks east past Gray’s Tavern to the pontoon bridge first erected in 1777.

“Lower Bridge on Schuylkill at Gray’s Ferry,” in Kathleen A. Foster, “Captain Watson’s Travels in America: The Sketchbooks and Diary of Joshua Rowley Watson, 1772-1818” (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997). Original at the New York Historical Society. Posted at WEST PHILADELPHIA COMMUNITY HISTORY CENTER: The Building of West Philadelphia: 18th Century Landscape & Settlement Patterns, 2005-08.